Preliminary Route Reports | Day 3

Posted on 08/21/2019 2:41 PM

Preliminary Route Report from Western Tour Leader Jeff Wilson

What counties have you sampled from?

Iowa: Mills (Crop District 7), Pottawattomie (7), Shelby (4) and Harrison (4)

Corn yield range/average:

126-210 bu. per acre; average of 158 bu. per acre

Soybean pod count range/average (in a 3’x3’ square):

870-1,670 pods; average of 1,158 pods

Route comments:

My shoes are wet, so that’s aiding the soybean crop.

It does appear in the corn crop that there were some planting issues. It’s been variable on the two rows. Plant counts have been erratic as well—anywhere from 72 to 114 in 60 foot of row. Corn plant health is pretty good. Starting to see a bit of disease slip in. Some of these rains could cause some late-season grain-fill problems.

The most interesting story on maturity is that in our second field of the day we had a field where 50% was in dough, 25% had pollinated in last three weeks and 25% had just pollinated or had not yet. Overall, the crop is behind, but this is southwest Iowa—a normal freeze date should not be a big threat.

Soybeans are probably a week behind, but they are still the furthest along of what we’ve seen on Tour. Beans are starting to plump up in the pods. Today’s rains should be a good omen those pods that are there will fill with full-size beans by harvest.

The one caveat for both crops is they both need a lot more sunlight to reach maturity ahead of any hard freeze.

Preliminary Route Report from Eastern Tour Leader Brian Grete

What counties have you sampled from?

Illinois: McLean (4), Tazewell (4), Peoria (4), Stark (4), Knox (3), Henry (1)

Corn yield range/average:

116-245.9 bu. per acre; average of 176 bu. per acre

Soybean pod count range/average (in a 3’x3’ square):

723-1,498 pods; average of 1,154 pods

Route comments:

We’re seeing better yields on corn for the most part. Our route had one klunker that was really immature with a bunch of skips and blanks. But overall, the maturity on the crop was better.

Our route pulled multiple samples that were early dent. Those crops will make it. But there were a couple samples that were immature—one was just blistering and will need more time.

Bean pod counts were better too. Western Illinois has been better than what we’ve seen the past two days.

Crop maturity is the story in the eastern Belt.

Preliminary Route Report from Eastern Tour Consultant Mark Bernard

What counties have you sampled from?

Illinois: Marshall (4), Peoria (4), Stark (4), Henry (1) and Whiteside (1)

Corn yield range/average:

139-224 bu. per acre; average of 183 bu. per acre

Soybean pod count range/average (in a 3’x3’ square):

698-1,516 pods; average of 1264 pods

Route comments:

We’re finding a little more disease in the corn in the form of physoderma brown spot. Corn is more advanced in maturity than what we found in eastern Illinois and Indiana. We’re seeing more dented corn today. And milk line is even starting to show up a bit.

There’s more insect activity than what we saw yesterday. Japanese beetles made their appearance. Bean leaf beetles as well. Japanese beetles are still causing some damage. Some places may need to keep an eye on those.

A thundershower passed through over lunch, and now we’re anxious to get back to the fields and see how crops in Iowa look as we make our way toward Iowa City.

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