Spring Wheat Crop Improves in North Dakota, Declines in Montana and Minnesota

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:22 AM

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). It shows the condition of the spring wheat crop declined by 1.27 points from last week, with improvement in North Dakota and Idaho offset by deterioration in Minnesota, Montana and South Dakota.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat

This week

Last week


Idaho (6.65%)*


Minnesota (12.32%)


Montana (18.25%)


N. Dakota


S. Dakota


Washington (4.83%)


Spring wheat total


* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending June 12, 2016, temperatures ranged three to six degrees above normal in the northeast and nine to twelve degrees above normal in the southwest, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation amounts totaled one to two inches in the north, while the southern half received little to no moisture. Rain in the north was beneficial in most areas; however, there were isolated reports of producers reseeding crops due to excess moisture and hail. The southern half experienced stress due to drought conditions and moisture was needed soon for crop development. Herbicide applications have been slow due to windy conditions.

There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 15 short, 76 adequate, and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2% very short, 16% short, 79% adequate, and 3% surplus.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 2 poor, 13 fair, 77% good, and 8% excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 57%, near 54% last year, but well ahead of 32% average. Headed was 5%, near 1% last year and 3% average.

Montana: Montana was hot at the beginning of the week before giving way to more seasonable highs and scattered thunderstorms producing rain and hail across the state and a tornado in the southeast, according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the NASS. Nearly all reporting stations had measurable precipitation this week, with the highest amount recorded coming from Circle at 1.82 inches of moisture. Warm weather allowed for good crop development across the state with most crops developing ahead of the five year average but reporters note some areas are drying up quickly which is stressing the young crops.

Minnesota: Nearly one-fifth of the first cutting of alfalfa hay was harvested during th e 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 12, 2016, according to USDA’s NASS. The first cutting of alfalfa hay continued to progress over a week ahead of the five-year average. Field activities for the week included haying, spraying, and side-dressing nitrogen. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 7% short, 78% adequate, and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 7% short, 79% adequate, and 13% surplus.

Twelve percent of the spring wheat acreage was at or beyond the heading stage, three days ahead of the five-year average and five days ahead of last year. Spring wheat condition rated 68% good to excellent, down 6 percentage points from the last week.



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