Spring Wheat Condition Continues to Decline

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:22 AM


Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). It shows the condition of the spring wheat crop declined by 6.73 points from last week to 375.86. Condition ratings dropped in Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota, while rising slightly in Minnesota and unchanged in Washington.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat

This week

Last week


Idaho (6.65%)*


Minnesota (12.32%)


Montana (18.25%)


N. Dakota


S. Dakota


Washington (4.83%)


Spring wheat total


* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending June 26, 2016, average temperatures were near normal across much of the State, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). The extreme northwestern part of the State received an inch of rain, when combined with moisture from recent weeks, was causing some flooding and crop disease issues. Many areas of the state experienced storms that brought very windy conditions which resulted in some crop damage. Some areas also received hail that caused further crop damage. Crops in the south central and southwestern parts of the State have received very little moisture this growing season and were stressed. Many producers were busy applying herbicides and fungicides to their crops. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork.

Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5% very short, 17% short, 67% adequate, and 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 18% short, 73% adequate, and 5% surplus.

Spring wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 17% fair, 70% good, and 8% excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 92%, near 90 last year, but well ahead of 62% average. Headed was 60%, well ahead of 38% last year and 23% average.

Montana: Montana was mostly hot and dry this week with high winds and a few scattered thunderstorms toward the end of the week , according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA . High temperatures for the week ranged from the lower 80s to the lower 100s and low temperatures ranged from the upper 20s to the lower 50s. Precipitation was hit or miss this week and varied widely in amount where it did fall with the highest amount recorded coming from Wolf Point at 1.52 inches of moisture. Soil moisture conditions currently remain ahead of last year with 71 percent of topsoil rated adequate to surplus and 66 percent of subsoil rated adequate to surplus compared with 52 percent and 60 percent last year, respectively. Both topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions remain slightly below the five year average for this time.

Durum wheat has begun heading and is slightly behind last year at this time with 8 percent headed compared with 10 percent headed last year. Wheat stripe mosaic virus, which reporters had noted appearing in winter wheat fields previously, has begun to severely damage yield potential in some spring wheat fields and h as appeared in some barley fields. Winter wheat condition is rated 64 percent good to excellent which is ahead of last year ’s 5 5 percent and the five year average of 6 1 percent .

Minnesota: Nearly one-quarter of the second cutting of alfalfa hay was harvested during the week ending June 26, 2016, according to USDA’s NASS. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Continued wet field conditions in the northern parts of the state have delayed some field activities such as cutting hay and spraying. Other areas report that between the heat and wind, soils are drying out, resulting in curling corn leaves. Statewide, the crop condition rating for corn was estimated at 8 1% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 11% short, 74% adequate, and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 10% short, 74% adequate, and 14% surplus.

Seventy-two percent of the spring wheat acreage w as at or beyond the heading stage, 12 days ahead of the five-year average and two days ahead of last year. Six percent of the spring wheat crop was turning color. Spring wheat condition rated 6 5% good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from last week.



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