PF CCI: Plunge in Kansas Ratings Leads to Major HRW Deterioration

By: Meghan Pedersen

May  12,  2014

When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), the HRW wheat crop plunged roughly 10 points, largely thanks to a seven-point drop in ratings for the No. 1 HRW wheat producing state of Kansas. This year's crop is now just seven points ahead of last year's crop rating at this point. The SRW wheat crop improved by roughly five points to 359. The SRW wheat crop remains roughly 14 points behind last year's rating at this point.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
HRW Wheat
05/11/14
05/04/14
05/12/13
Kansas *(38.58%)
90.65 97.60
97.79
Oklahoma (13.10%)
24.36 25.28
31.49
Texas (8.35%)
17.44 18.28
18.5
Colorado (7.77%)
21.13 21.52
22.7
Nebraska (6.26%)
20.42 20.54
16.29
S. Dakota (6.08%)
22.06 22.06
NA
Montana (10.15%)
37.54 37.85
NA
HRW total
258.78 269.31
251.90

* denotes percentage of total national HRW crop production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Kansas: For the week ending May 11, 2014, heat and high winds caused further deterioration of the Kansas wheat crop, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). Blowing and drifting dirt continues to be a concern in southwest Kansas, as some fields are too dry and barren to hold the topsoil against the strong winds. Isolated areas of the state received rain late Sunday with some reports of hail and flash flooding. The rain showers were not enough to relieve drought conditions. Temperatures averaged 6 to 15 degrees above normal for the eastern half of the State and the Southwest. In the Northwest, reports of sub-freezing night temperatures brought weekly averages down to about normal.

Some farmers took advantage of the 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork last week to plant row crops, while others were waiting for rain before putting more seed in the ground. Topsoil moisture rated 33% very short, 41% short, 26% adequate and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 35% very short, 42% short, 23% adequate and 0% surplus.

Winter wheat condition rated 23% very poor, 33 poor, 31 fair, 12 good, and 1 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 92%, ahead of 78 last year but near the five-year average of 93. Winter wheat headed was 46%, well ahead of 8 last year but near 47 average.

Texas: Many areas of the state received much needed rainfall last week. Areas of the Cross Timbers, Blacklands, South Central, and East Texas received 1 to 6 inches. Additionally some areas experienced thunderstorms with hail, and high winds. The Coastal Bend and the Lower Valley received up to 1 inch. Other areas received no precipitation to only trace amounts. Warmer temperatures returned to most areas of the state. Wheat conditions worsened in some areas of the High Plains. The wheat crop progressed in the Cross Timbers and the Blacklands and heading was nearly complete. In the Edwards Plateau, damage from a late freeze was becoming more evident.

Oklahoma: Drought conditions persisted in Oklahoma last week. According to the most recent drought monitor the most intense category, D-4 exceptional drought, has increased from 20% to 29% this past week. The D-4 category encompassed the Panhandle, West Central and Southwest Districts. Producers in the Panhandle continued to experience high winds and deteriorating winter wheat crops. A wild fire occurred on Tuesday, May 6 in Woodward County, although no damages were reported.

Rain was received in some parts of the state last week; however rainfall was too late for the development of winter wheat crops. Producers in the Northeast reported baling winter wheat for hay while producers in Central Oklahoma were concerned with not enough wheat development to even bale for hay.

Row crop planting was in full swing last week. Corn emergence was beginning; however more moisture was needed for continued growth. Precipitation ranged from 0.02 of an inch in the Panhandle to 2.91 inches in the Southeast District. Temperatures ranged from 34 degrees at Kenton on Friday, May 9 to 105 degrees at Altus on Monday, May 5. There were 6.1 days suitable for field work.

Seventy-five percent of winter wheat was rated poor to very poor. Winter wheat jointing reached 98%, up 5 points from last week. Winter wheat headed reached 90% by Sunday.

Nebraska: For the week ending May 11, 2014, most of Nebraska received precipitation during the week, with amounts varying widely across the state, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Localized areas of heavy rain and thunderstorms in eastern Nebraska caused some damage to irrigation equipment and buildings late in the week. Areas of southwest Nebraska remained in an extreme drought in spite of the rain. Average temperatures ranged from 4 degrees below normal in the panhandle to 6 degrees above normal in southeast Nebraska.

Activities included corn and soybean planting and moving cattle to pasture. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 5.1. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13% very short, 25 short, 58 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 17% very short, 35 short, 48 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Winter wheat condition rated 4% very poor, 17% poor, 32% fair, 43% good and 4% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 56%, ahead of 30% last year but behind the five-year average of 61%.

 

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
SRW Wheat
05/11/14
05/04/14
05/05/13
Missouri *(8.97%)
30.85 30.40
28.21
Illinois (9.91%)
36.66 36.17
35.67
Ohio
(8.80%)
31.15 30.44
43.32
Arkansas (6.45%)
24.26 24.06
19.9
Indiana (5.34%)
20.13 19.60
20.59
North Carolina (9.48%)
36.20 35.16
33.59
Michigan (9.50%)
30.50 30.88
40.68
SRW total
358.88 353.69
372.88

* denotes percentage of national SRW crop production.

Following are details from NASS's state-by-state crop and weather reports:

Illinois: There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending May 11 allowing producers to make good progress planting. Producers spent long days in the field making up for time lost due to the previous week's wet conditions. The southern districts received a few scattered showers and averaged over an inch of rain, but conditions were drier than average in the northern part of the state.

Winter wheat headed reached 16%, well behind the five-year average of 44%.

Statewide temperatures averaged 67.2 degrees, 6.6 degrees above normal. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.85 inches, 0.13 inches below normal. Topsoil moisture was rated at 11% short, 75% adequate, and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 4% very short, 24% short, 64% adequate, and 8% surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated at 2% very poor, 6% poor, 29% fair, 46% good, and 17% excellent.

Ohio: There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending May 11, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Precipitation in areas around the state for the week ranged between 0 inches and 1.31 inches, with a state average of 0.75 inches. Average temperatures in areas around the state ranged from 55 degrees to 67 degrees, with a state average of 57.9 degrees Fahrenheit.

Weather conditions around the state this week were highly conducive to fieldwork, as warmer temperatures and clear conditions dried out the soil and gave most producers a chance to get into their fields. Winter wheat condition improved, though some of the improvement can be attributed to decisions on which fields to take to harvest and which to plow.

Michigan: There were 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending May 11, according to the Great Lakes Regional office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service. Drier and warmer conditions allowed farmers to make progress with planting, but most crops still lag behind the five-year average. Below normal rainfall amounts in the Thumb and southern parts of the state helped reduce soil moisture surpluses.

 


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