Corn Crop Condition Starts Season Strong

By: Julianne Johnston

June  02,  2014

VIP Trial 215x300When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it reflects a crop off to a very strong start. Condition ratings in Illinois more robust than year-ago, but Iowa ratings are below year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index




Colorado *(1.18%)


Illinois (14.39%)


Indiana (6.67%)


Iowa (17.25%)


Kansas (3.63%)


Kentucky (1.42%)


Michigan (2.7%)


Minnesota (10.47%)


Missouri (2.79%)


Nebraska (12.01%)


N. Carolina (0.78%)


N. Dakota (2.79%)


Ohio (4.37%)




S. Dakota (5.39%)


Tennessee (0.83%)


Texas (1.66%)


Wisconsin (3.68%)


Corn total


* denotes percentage of total national corn crop production.

(Palmer Drought Index below text.)

Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

Illinois: Warm and dry conditions continued throughout the state last week allowing operators to continue planting. Both corn and soybean crops have emerged ahead of 5-year averages. Statewide precipitation averaged 0.62 inches, 0.35 inches below normal. Temperatures averaged 74.0 degrees, 7.2 degrees above normal. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending June 1. Corn planting increased to 98 percent complete while corn emerged reached 91 percent. Soybeans planted reached 85 percent, ahead of the 5-year average of 65 percent. Soybeans emerged reached 59 percent, ahead of the 5-year average of 44 percent. Topsoil moisture was rated at 1 percent very short, 13 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated at 4 percent very short, 18 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated at 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 19 percent excellent. Pasture condition was rated at 1 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 42 percent good, and 19 percent excellent.

Indiana: Fieldwork was variable this week as zero precipitation permitted some areas to be worked all week long, while downpours in other areas kept farmers out the fields for the majority of the week ending June 1, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Temperatures ranged between 51 and 90 degrees this week, varying on average between 5 and 10 degrees above normal statewide. Precipitation across the state was sporadic, with totals ranging from 0 to 1.87 inches. The northern part of the state led in corn emergence at 86%, followed by 84% in central and 76% in the south. For soybeans planted, the north led at 87%, compared with 84% and 66% in central and south respectively. Where weather permitted, farmers were finishing up corn and soybean planting, including replanting of any flood-damaged stands. Corn that had emerged yellow was greening nicely with warmer temperatures. Sidedressing corn and spraying for weeds was well under way. Winter wheat continues to fare well, with most of the crop headed. Warm weather and good breezes made ideal conditions for hay cutting. Other activities this week included scattered tilling and mowing of roadsides.

Iowa: Warm weather and favorable moisture conditions accelerated crop and pasture growth during the week ending June 1, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Other activities for the week included spraying, herbicide application, and nitrogen side dressing. Topsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 14 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 6 percent very short, 25 percent short, 64 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. For the first time this year, southeast Iowa had the driest topsoil with 10 percent in very short condition, while northwest Iowa continued to have the driest subsoil with 21 percent in very short condition. With almost all of Iowa’s corn acreage planted, 89 percent of the crop has emerged, 19 percentage points ahead of last year but equal to the five year average. The season’s first corn condition rating came in at 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 65 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Soybean planting progress reached 94 percent complete, almost three weeks ahead of last year and over two weeks ahead of normal. Sixty-three percent of the soybean crop has emerged, 42 points above last year and 4 points above average.

Minnesota: Warm weather rapidly advanced crop emergence across Minnesota during the week ending June 1, 2014, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. In spite of the progress made, crop development still remains behind the five year average. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork across the state. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 24 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 15 percent surplus. Ninety-three percent of the expected corn acreage has been planted, 2 percentage points behind the five year average. Corn emergence was rated at 69 percent, 13 points behind the average. The first corn condition ratings for the year came in at 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 68 percent good, and 15 percent excellent. Soybean planting was 75 percent complete, 26 percentage points more than the previous week, but 5 points behind the five year average. Thirty-eight percent of the soybean crop has emerged.

Nebraska: For the week ending June 1, 2014, precipitation of an inch or more was common across much of the state, however central counties received lesser amounts, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. This continued lack of significant rain in central areas has resulted in much of the area being added to the severe to extreme drought categories. Temperatures averaged 6 to 9 degrees above normal. Alfalfa was being cut for the first time with dry bean planting underway in western counties. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 5.6. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 24 short, 65 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 16 percent very short, 31 short, 52 adequate, and 1 surplus. Corn conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 22 fair, 65 good, and 11 excellent. Corn emerged was 90 percent, ahead of 81 last year, but near 88 average. Soybeans conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 23 good, 67 good, and 8 excellent. Soybeans planted was 96 percent, ahead of 78 last year and 89 average. Soybeans emerged was 72 percent, well ahead of 43 last year and 61 average.