Winter Wheat Crops Decline in December

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:19 AM

State statisticians report winter wheat conditions declined during December in Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado and Nebraska since its last condition ratings in late November. Texas did not release updated information. Crop rated "good" to excellent" in Kansas declined by eight percentage points to 44%; top-rated crop declined by 28 percentage points in Oklahoma to 25%; top-rated crop declined by seven points in Colorado to 40%; top-rated crop in Nebraska declined by seven points to 46%.

Statisticians in Kansas note, "Most the state remained dry, prompting some concerns over the development of winter wheat."

State Very Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent
Percent
Kansas -
01/03/17
5
14
37
42
2
11/28/16
3
10
35
45
7
 
Oklahoma -
01/03/17
6
19
50
25
0
11/28/16
3
9
35
46
7
 
Colorado - 01/03/17
2
23
35
38
2
11/28/16
3
12
38
41
6
 
Nebraska - 01/03/17
2
8
44
41
5
11/28/16
2
11
34
48
5

 

Here are some of the key observations in the state monthly summaries:

Kansas: For the month of December 2016, near-normal temperatures were experienced in eastern Kansas, whereas the west experienced temps from three to five degrees below normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Most the state remained dry, prompting some concerns over the development of winter wheat. Topsoil moisture rated 23 percent very short, 34 short, 42 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 16 percent very short, 28 short, 55 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Oklahoma: Oklahoma experienced cold and dry weather for the month of December. On December 16th, a front brought the coldest weather since February 2011, dropping temperatures 60 degrees in a 24 hour period. According to the OCS Mesonet, the statewide average temperature was 38.4 degrees, 0.5 of a point below normal and the 50th coolest December since records began in 1895. Precipitation ranged from 1.48 inches in the Southeast district to 0.46 of an inch in the North Central district. Statewide temperatures averaged in the high 30's, with the lowest recording of -18 degrees at Beaver on Sunday, December 18th and the highest recording of 62 degrees at Broken Bow on Monday, December 26th. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short.

Conditions of small grains were rated mostly fair to good. Winter wheat grazed reached 47 percent, up 8 points from the previous year.

Colorado: Seasonal snow and rainfall occurred in the greatest amounts within western Colorado and along the Front Range, with eastern counties receiving some sporadic moisture. Reporters in eastern districts noted that lack of winter snow cover, coupled with cold and mostly dry conditions, is a concern for the health of winter wheat stands. Pasture condition also remains a concern in those areas that have received little good moisture. Livestock are reported to be in good condition with sufficient feed supplies and availability of winter grazing. As of January 1, 2017, snowpack in Colorado was at 113 percent measured as percent of median snowfall.

Nebraska: For the month of December 2016, temperatures averaged two to six degrees below normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation in the form of snow and rain was recorded during the month. High winds on Christmas day caused damage to numerous pivots in south central counties. At the end of the month, snow cover was limited to northern Panhandle counties. This allowed good use of stalk fields for winter grazing in other areas. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 22 short, 64 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 26 short, 62 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 44 fair, 41 good, and 5 excellent.


 

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