When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the HRW crop is basically steady with last fall with a rating of 355.24. The condition of the Kansas and Oklahoma crops improved from the end of November, but the Texas crop declined slightly. Meanwhile, the SRW crop improved by around 10 points from last fall to 376.81.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
Nov. 29, 2015
Nov. 29, 2015
S. Dakota (6.78%)
N. Carolina (9.723%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending April 3, 2016, temperatures were near normal according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The southeast corner of the State received less than half an inch of precipitation, while the rest remained dry. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 13 percent very short, 40 short, 46 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 11 percent very short, 32 short, 56 adequate, and 1 surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 37 fair, 48 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 42 percent, ahead of 26 last year and the five-year average of 28 percent.
Oklahoma: The month of March ended in the same way as it began, mostly dry and warm with increasing drought conditions. According to the Mesonet, the fire in Woods County burned more than 1,000 bales of hay, hundreds of miles of fence and approximately 600 head of livestock were lost. On March 30th, a strong storm system affected northeastern Oklahoma. Tornadoes caused significant damage in addition to reports of large hail, strong winds, and torrential downpours. Drought conditions increased to 20 percent as moderate drought, up 6 points from last week.
Precipitation averaged 0.19 of an inch across the state, ranging from none in the Panhandle district to 0.74 of an inch in the Southeast district. Statewide temperatures averaged in the high 50’s, with the lowest recording of 22 degrees at Kenton on Friday, April 1st and the highest recording of 87 degrees at Mangum on Wednesday, March 30th. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork.
Winter wheat jointing reached 60 percent, down 3 points from the previous year and down 5 points from normal. Canola blooming reached 25 percent, up 13 points from the previous year and down 10 points from normal.
Texas: Weather conditions across the state continued to be dry and windy, with most areas receiving less than one half inch of precipitation. However, isolated areas of Northeast Texas reported up to 3 inches of rainfall.
Wheat progressed throughout the state, though some issues with rust and lack of moisture were reported in areas of the Northern and Southern Low Plains. Irrigation of winter wheat was active in the Northern High Plains.
Following are details from NASS's crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:
Illinois: A wet, windy week has kept most producers out of the field, limiting fieldwork to disking and applying fertilizer. Statewide, the average temperature was 48.6 degrees, 1.0 degree above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.12 inches, 0.17 inches above normal. There were 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 3. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 4 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 22 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 3 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus.
Winter wheat condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 18 percent excellent.
Missouri: Temperatures averaged 51.3 degrees, 1.1 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.96 inches statewide, 0.06 inches below normal. There were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending April 3. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 4 percent very short, 14 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 4 percent very short, 15 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus.
Winter wheat condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 11 percent excellent.