When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the condition of the HRW crop declined by 1.16 points to 363.01 and the SRW crop declined by 2.19 points to 363.87. The condition of the Kansas and Oklahoma crops held steady with last week, while the Texas and Missouri crops declined.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.78%)
N. Carolina (9.723%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending June 5, 2016, temperatures were near normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall amounts of up to one inch were reported in the southwest and central portions of the State, with lesser amounts elsewhere. Reporters indicated that a few fields of winter wheat were harvested. There were 4 .7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 2 percent very short, 6 short, 81 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 2 percent very short, 8 short, 82 adequate, and 8 surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 32 fair, 50 good, and 10 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 70 percent, ahead of both last year and the five-year average of 52.
Oklahoma: Last week, heavy rain fell over most of the state of Oklahoma except for the Panhandle area. According to the Mesonet, a slow moving storm system dropped more rain along the Red River last week than is normal for the month. For the second week in a row, no areas of the state were reported in any category of drought according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. Less than 3 percent was classified as abnormally dry in western Oklahoma. Temperatures ranged from 44 degrees at Hooker on Monday, May 30th to 92 degrees at Hollis on Saturday, June 4th. Precipitation ranged from 0.51 of an inch in the Panhandle district to 3.32 inches in the South Central district. Soil temperature averages ranged from 67 degrees at Boise City on Wednesday, June 1st to 83 degrees at Kingfisher on Monday, May 30, 2016. Statewide temperatures averaged in the low 70's across the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork.
Winter wheat harvested reached 5 percent, down 4 points from the previous year and down 26 points from normal. Canola coloring reached 92 percent, up 6 points from the previous year but down 4 points from normal.
Texas: All areas of the state experienced measurable rainfall last week. Areas of the Southern Low Plains, Southeast Texas, and the Edwards Plateau reported rainfall totals from 4 to 8 inches. The Upper Coast and South Texas received from 8 to 10 inches or more. Most of the rest of the state received from .5 to 3 inches. Hail damage was reported in areas of South Texas. Flooding continued to wash away crops and delay planting in areas of the Northern Low Plains and the Cross Timbers.
Heavy rains continued to delay wheat harvest across the state. Wheat producers reported hail and wind damage to wheat in areas of the Southern Low Plains. Winter wheat had been grazed out by livestock in areas of the Edwards Plateau. Cool and damp conditions halted oat harvest in the Blacklands as well as other areas.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:
Illinois: Rain continues to cause producers problems in southern Illinois, while in other parts of the state planting of corn and soybeans is beginning to wrap up. Statewide, the average temperature was 71.9 degrees, 3.9 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.98 inches, 0.06 inches above normal. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 5. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 18 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 8 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus.
Winter wheat headed was at 98 percent, compared to 97 percent last year. Winter wheat condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 10 percent excellent.
Missouri: Rain in the southern half of the state continued, but farmers in other parts of the state continued planting soybeans. There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending June 5. Temperatures averaged 71.4 degrees, 2.6 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.93 inches statewide, 0.03 inches below normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 2 percent very short, 5 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 3 percent very short, 5 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus.
Winter wheat condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Pasture condition was rated 3 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 54 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.