Spring Wheat Crop Sees Marked Improvement

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:22 AM

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). The spring wheat crop saw marked improvement, gaining 3.29 points on our CCI to 385.20. Ratings in Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota improved, while ratings held steady in Minnesota and Washington.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat

This week

Last week


Idaho (6.65%)*


Minnesota (12.32%)


Montana (18.25%)


N. Dakota


S. Dakota


Washington (4.83%)


Spring wheat total


* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending May 29 , 2016, much needed rain w as received across the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service . Reported rainfall totals ranged from a quarter inch to two inches, replenishing topsoil moisture and helping seed germination. There were some isolated reports of crops being drowned out because of to o much rain. Producers were busy spraying weeds in emerged small grain fields. Temperatures ranged from two degrees below normal in the western part of the State to eight degrees above normal in the east. There were 4 .6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 15 short, 78 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1% very short, 17 short, 80 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Winter wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 2 poor, 26 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 77%, ahead of 69 last year. Headed was 5%, near 1% last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 1 poor, 27 fair, 70 good, and 2 excellent. Durum wheat planted was 94%, ahead of 89 last year, and well ahead of 62 for the five-year average. Emerged was 74%, ahead of 58 last year , and well ahead of 40 average. Jointed was 4%, near 1 last year.

Spring wheat condition rated 0% very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 79 good, and 5 excellent. Spring wheat planted was 97%, near 95 last year, but well ahead of 77 average. Emerged was 86%, ahead of 80 last year , and well ahead of 54 average. Jointed was 16%, near 13 last year.

Montana: Montana had another mostly cool, wet week , according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA . Seeley Lake received the highest amount of precipitation for the week with 2. 59 inches of moisture , and most other weather stations reported receiving moisture ranging from 0.0 2 of an inch to 1.9 3 inches. High temperatures ranged from the mid 6 0s to the lower 8 0s . Winter wheat headed is 18 percent complete, ahead of both last year and the five - year average . Reporters are noting that most areas are receiving ample precipitation but warmer temperatures will be welcome to aid crop development . Livestock producers continue to move their herds out to summer pastures ahead of last year and the five - year average for both cattle and sheep. Pasture and range conditions are 46 percent good to excellent compared with 35 percent last year.

Minnesota: Above average temperatures aided crop development, but multiple rain showers made it difficult to complete planting and cut hay in some areas of the state during the week ending May 29, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Frequent showers limited field activities across Minnesota, with 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included planting, applying herbicides, and cutting hay. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 9% short, 77% adequate, and 12% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 10% short, 78% adequate, and 11% surplus.

Forty-four percent of the spring wheat acreage was at or beyond the jointing stage, slightly behind last year, but two weeks ahead of average. Spring wheat condition rated 70% good to excellent.




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