Spring Wheat Condition Declines Slightly

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:22 AM

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). It shows the condition of the spring wheat crop declined by 1.67 points from last week at 374.19, which is 3.78 points lower than year-ago. While condition ratings improved in Minnesota and held steady in Washington, they dropped in Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat

This week

Last week


Idaho (6.65%)*


Minnesota (12.32%)


Montana (18.25%)


N. Dakota


S. Dakota


Washington (4.83%)


Spring wheat total


* denotes%age of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending July 3, 2016, average temperatures were near normal in the central part of the State and four to eight degrees below normal in the east, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Minimal amounts of rainfall were received across much of the State. Crops were showing signs of drought stress. Producers were busy cutting and baling hay. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7% very short, 20% short, 65% adequate, and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6% very short, 21% short, 69% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Spring wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 17% fair, 69% good, and 8% excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 98%, near 96% last year, but well ahead of 78% average. Headed was 81%, ahead of 65% last year, and well ahead of 39% average. Coloring was 9%, ahead of 2% last year.

Montana: Montana was mostly hot and dry this week with limited precipitation, according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA . High temperatures for the week ranged from the middle 80s to the upper 90s and low temperatures ranged from the lower 30s to the middle 50s. Precipitation was hit or miss this week and varied widely in amount where it did fall with the highest amount recorded coming from Saco at 1.46 inches of moisture. Soil moisture conditions currently remains above last year with 65 percent of topsoil rated adequate to surplus and 62 percent of subsoil rated adequate to surplus compared with 51 percent and 57 percent last year, respectively.

Winter wheat condition is rated 63 percent good to excellent which is ahead of last year’s 55 percent.

Minnesota: Nearly one-quarter of the second cutting of alfalfa hay was harvested during t he 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 3, 2016, according to USDA’s NASS. This was the most days suitable for fieldwork this season since the week ending May 8. Reporters across most of the state said that soils were drying out and some corn leaves were rolling. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% very short, 17% short, 70% adequate, and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 16% short, 74% adequate, and 8% surplus.

Eighty-seven percent of the spring wheat acreage was at or beyond the heading stage, 11 days ahead of average but one day behind last year. Sixteen percent of the spring wheat crop was turning color, four days ahead of average. Spring wheat condition rated 67% good to excellent.




Add new comment