Spring Wheat Condition Declines, Below Year-Ago

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:22 AM

Below we plug USDA's weekly crop condition ratings into our weighted (by production) Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale). It shows the condition of the spring wheat crop declined by 3.05 points to 371.14, which is 9.06 points below year-ago.

Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Spring Wheat

This week

Last week


Idaho (6.65%)*


Minnesota (12.32%)


Montana (18.25%)


N. Dakota


S. Dakota


Washington (4.83%)


Spring wheat total


* denotes percentage of total national spring wheat crop production.

Following are details from USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) state crop and weather reports:

North Dakota: For the week ending July 10, 2016, average temperatures were near normal across much of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Varying amounts of rainfall were reported with the southern and western parts of the state receiving much-needed moisture. The rainfall was accompanied by strong winds and hail in many areas. Significant amounts of moisture were again received in the northeast where soils were already saturated from previous storms. There were reports in those areas of standing water and drowned out crops. The recent moisture was beneficial to pastures but delayed crop spraying in many areas. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 14 short, 70 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4% very short, 18% short, 72% adequate, and 6% surplus.

Spring wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 19% fair, 66% good, and 8% excellent. Spring wheat headed was 96%, ahead of 83% last year, and well ahead of 55% average. Coloring was 25%, ahead of 15% last year and 10% average.

Montana: The week began hot and dry but ended cool and wet for much of the state with locally heavy precipitation and a tornado in southwestern Montana, according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. High temperatures for the week ranged from the mid 70s to the lower 100s and low temperatures ranged from the mid 20s to the lower 50s. Measurable precipitation was recorded at all reporting stations this week but varied widely in amount s with the highest recorded coming from Plevna at 3.12 inches of moisture. This series of storms comes at a very good time as reporters had been noting conditions were drying out fast all over the state, however severe hail damage occurred in some locations. Soil moisture conditions currently remain above last year thanks to this weekend’s precipitation with 68% of topsoil rated adequate to surplus and 63% of subsoil rated adequate to surplus compared with 48% and 53% last year, respectively.

Minnesota: Crop development remains ahead of average for corn, soybeans, and small grains for the week ending July 10, 2016, according to USDA’s NASS. Producers were limited to 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 7% short, 75% adequate, and 16% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies we re rated 2% very short, 13% short, 74% adequate, and 11% surplus.

Forty-one percent of the spring wheat acreage w as turning color, nine days ahead of average and three days ahead of last year. Spring wheat condition rated 69% good to excellent.



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