Soybeans Condition Improves, Harvest 26% Complete

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:20 AM

When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the corn crop declined by 0.63 points from last week and soybeans improved by 0.91 points.

USDA reports corn harvest progressed by nine percentage points from the previous week to 24% complete as of Sunday, which is three percentage points behind the five-year average. Traders expected harvest to be 25% complete. USDA reports 26% of the nation's soybean crop was harvested as of Sunday, which is a 16-point increase from last week and just one point behind the five-year average. Harvest is one point greater than traders expected.

 
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

This week

Last week

Year-ago

 

Soybeans

This week

Last week

Year-ago

Colorado *(0.99%)

3.80
3.79
4.03

Arkansas *(4.05%)

14.07
14.39
14.88

Illinois (15.52%)

62.54
62.70
51.60

Illinois (13.96%)

55.42
55.28
47.99

Indiana (7.06%)

26.53
26.67
22.87

Indiana (7.53%)

29.21
29.13
25.69

Iowa (16.84%)

67.53
67.70
65.98

Iowa
(13.13%)

52.53
52.40
51.26

Kansas (3.96%)

14.46
14.46
13.19

Kansas (3.75%)

14.27
14.24
12.34

Kentucky (1.67%)

6.34
6.34
6.07

Kentucky (2.27%)

8.75
8.68
8.25

Michigan (2.49%)

8.94
8.91
9.87

Louisiana (1.70%)

5.69
5.69
5.82

Minnesota 9.37%)

38.22
38.03
41.94

Michigan (2.42%)

9.04
9.02
9.41

Missouri (3.60%)

13.95
14.02
11.39

Minnesota (8.54%)

34.40
33.89
34.77

Nebraska (11.79%)

45.03
45.26
44.73

Mississippi (2.42%)

9.33
9.43
9.39

N. Carolina (0.74%)

2.73
2.73
2.59

Missouri (5.74%)

22.20
22.28
18.85

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.71
9.71
10.82

Nebraska (7.57%)

29.59
29.51
27.89

Ohio (4.22%)

13.51
13.64
14.79

N. Carolina (1.74%)

5.59
5.70
5.46

Pennsylvania (1.09%)

3.58
3.58
4.49

N. Dakota (4.72%)

18.18
17.90
17.55

S. Dakota (5.74%)

19.63
19.51
21.53

Ohio
(6.29%)

22.14
22.14
22.00

Tennessee (0.92%)

3.40
3.41
3.74

S. Dakota (5.80%)

20.78
20.66
21.31

Texas (1.98%)

6.98
6.98
6.99

Tennessee (2.01%)

1.00
1.00
1.00

Wisconsin (3.40%)

14.46
14.49
13.55

Wisconsin (2.07%)

8.62
8.62
8.17

Corn total

384.91
385.57
376.36

Soybean total

377.73
376.82
358.89


* denotes percentage of total national corn crop production.

Iowa: Warmer and drier weather allowed Iowa farmers 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending October 2, 2016, according the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. While harvest was starting to gain momentum there were many reports of muddy conditions and standing water in some fields. Fieldwork activities for the week included cutting hay, harvesting corn and soybeans, and fall tillage.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 3 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 19 percent surplus. Eighty-eight percent of the corn crop was mature or beyond, 2 days ahead of last year, and 4 days ahead of the five-year average. Ten percent of the corn crop for grain has been harvested, 1 day behind last year and 9 days behind average. Corn condition rated 81 percent good to excellent. Ninety-six percent of soybeans were turning color or beyond, equal to both last year and the average . Eighty-five percent of soybeans were dropping leaves or beyond, 4 days ahead of average. Twenty-one percent of the soybean crop has been harvested, 1 day behind last year’s pace. Soybean condition rated 81 percent good to excellent.

 

Illinois: Corn and soybean harvest continues to make rapid progress, with some operators finished and moving on to fall field activities. Statewide, the average temperature was 61.5 degrees, 0.4 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.63 inches, 0.02 inches below normal. There we re 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 2. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1 percent very short, 2 percent short, 86 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 1 percent very short, 3 per cent short, 88 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus.

Corn mature increased to 97 percent, compared to 89 percent for the 5 - year average. Corn harvest was 43 percent complete, compared to 44 percent last year. Corn condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 26 percent excellent. Soybeans coloring increased to 94 percent, compared to 94 percent last year. Soybeans dropping leaves increased to 80 percent, compared to 79 percent for the 5-year average. Soybean harvest was 16 percent complete, compared to 42 percent last year. Soybean condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 24 percent excellent.

 

Indiana: Frequent rain showers slowed harvest progress and kept grain moisture high, according to Greg Matli, Indiana State Statistician for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The beginning of the week was mild allowing farmers to get out to the fields, but near continual rain showers towards the end of the week halted most fieldwork. There were 3.9 days available for fieldwork for the week ending October 2, down 2.3 days from the previous week.

Corn matured was 87% complete in the North, 86% in Central and 87% in the South. Corn harvested for grain was 16% complete in the North, 21% in Central, and 47% in the South. Diplodia ear rot, stalk rot and various mold pressures remain high in corn fields given the wet conditions and cooler temperatures. Much of the harvested grain has to be dried due to high moisture. Corn rated in good to excellent condition was 73% in the North, 76% in Central, and 60% in the South.

Soybeans dropping leaves were 88% complete in the North, 86% in Central, and 65% in the South. Soybeans were 14% harvested in the North, 19% in Central, and 9% in the South. Soybean harvest continues to fall behind last year and the five year average, with no help from the rain. Some growers reported that the plant defoliation process has slowed down from the rainy weather, contributing to the slow harvest pace for beans . Soybeans rated in good to excellent condition was 79% in the North, 80% in Central, and 66% in the South

Minnesota: Drier weather allowed Minnesota farmers to harvest over a quarter of the soybean crop during the week ending October 2, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork. While the drier weather allowed harvest activities to pick up, there were reports of fields still too wet to harvest. There were reports of white mold in soybeans and concerns about corn stalk quality. Field activities for the week include d harvesting and tilling. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 65 percent adequate, and 33 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 2 9 percent surplus. Eighty-seven percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was mature, 8 days ahead of the five-year average and slightly ahead of last year. Eight percent of the corn for grain acreage was harvested, about a week behind average. Corn condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Ninety-two percent of the corn for silage acreage had been harvested. With nearly all the soybean crop dropping leaves or beyond, 40 percent of the soybean acreage was harvested, slightly behind average and 4 days behind last year. Soybean condition rated 82 percent good to excellent, up 3 percentage points from last week.


 

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