When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the condition of the HRW crop improved marginally to 364.17 and the SRW crop declined marginally to 366.06. Condition ratings in Kansas improved, while Oklahoma and Texas ratings declined slightly.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.78%)
N. Carolina (9.723%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending May 29, 20 16, temperatures were two to three degrees above normal across much of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Localized h ail accompanied rainfall amounts of three to five inches in the eastern half of the State. Lesser a mounts were reported in the west. Reporters indicated lower quality in the first cutting of alfalfa hay due to very wet conditions. There were 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 2% very short, 5 short, 73 adequate, and 20 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 2% very short, 8% short, 79% adequate, and 11% surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 7% poor, 32% fair, 50% good, and 10% excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 41%, ahead of 28% last year and the five-year average of 32%.
Oklahoma: Most of Oklahoma experienced rain with occasional severe thunderstorms in addition to high’s in the 90s. According to the Mesonet, high humidity was a major factor in how unpredictable the weather was. With the widespread precipitation, no areas of the state were reported in any category of drought according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. Just less than 3 percent was classified as abnormally dry and was limited to western Oklahoma. Temperatures ranged from 39 degrees at Kenton on Saturday, May 28th to 96 degrees at Mangum on Wednesday, May 25th. Precipitation ranged from 0.24 of an inch in the Panhandle district to 2.15 inches in the East Central district. Soil temperature averages ranged from 67 degrees at Camargo on Saturday, May 28th to 83 degrees at Oklahoma City on Sunday, May 29, 2016. Statewide temperatures averaged in the low 70’s across the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork.
Texas: Thunderstorms moved across much of the state last week, with many areas receiving measurable rainfall totals from trace amounts to upwards of 15 inches. Areas of South Central and the Upper Coast received between 10 and 15 inches of precipitation. Southeast Texas, the Edwards Plateau, and the Cross Timbers received from 5 to 8 inches with many other areas receiving between 1 and 4 inches.
Wet conditions slowed small grains harvest in areas of the Blacklands, the Edwards Plateau, and South Texas. Winter wheat harvest was underway in the Northern High Plains, Northern Low Plains, and Southern Low Plains. Some producers in areas of the Northern Plains experienced hail damage to wheat fields.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:
Illinois: Continued rain is hampering planting in southern Illinois, while warmer temperatures have helped crop emergence in central to northern Illinois. Statewide, the average temperature was 71.9 degrees, 6.5 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.09 inches, 0.05 inches above normal. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 29. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% very short, 5% short, 73% adequate, and 21% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 3% short, 81% adequate, and 16% surplus.
Winter wheat condition was rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 33% fair, 49% good, and 9% excellent.
Missouri: Rain throughout the state continued to slow planting and hay cuttings. There were 2. 7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending May 29. Temperatures averaged 70.6 degrees, 3.7 degree s above normal. Precipitation averaged 2.42 inches statewide, 1.32 inches above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 2% very short, 5% short, 70% adequate, and 23% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 3% very short, 5% short, 81% adequate, and 11% surplus.
Winter wheat condition was rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 28% fair, 55% good, and 12% excellent.