When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the HRW crop improved by 0.02 points, with improvement in Oklahoma and Texas slightly offset by a drop in the Kansas crop. The SRW crop declined by 0.12 points from last week.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.26%)
N. Carolina (7.72%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending Nov. 13, 2016, above normal temperatures and mostly dry conditions were experienced statewide, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 11% very short, 26% short, 60% adequate, and 3% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 6% very short, 23% short, 68% adequate, and 3% surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 8% poor, 34% fair, 49% good, and 7% excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 91%, near 92% last year and the five-year average of 93%.
Oklahoma: Air temperatures continued to fall throughout Oklahoma but the rain has not. According to the Mesonet, very little rain fell in the areas that needed it the most. Drought conditions were rated 47 percent moderate to severe, up 3 points from the previous week. Temperatures ranged from 21 degrees at Beaver on Saturday, November 12th to 76 degrees at Lane on Friday, November 11th. Precipitation ranged from 0.14 of an inch in the West Central district to 0.66 of an inch in the South Central district. Soil temperature averages ranged from 48 degrees at Kenton on Saturday, November 12th to 67 degrees at Hugo on Monday, November 7th . Statewide air temperatures averaged in the mid 5 0’s across the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork.
Winter wheat planted reached 96 percent, down 1 point from normal. Winter wheat emerged reached 89 percent, unchanged from normal.
Texas: Many areas of the state received significant rainfall last week, with areas of the Upper Coast and the Lower Valley recording up to 6 inches. Areas of the Edwards Plateau, Blacklands, and the Cross Timbers received up to 3 inches of rainfall. The Low Plains, South Texas, and South Central experienced between 1 to 2 inches, while the rest of the state observed scattered showers.
Seeding of winter wheat continued throughout the state last week, while oats seeding was wrapping up in many areas. Winter wheat and oats responded well to the recent rainfall with conditions rated mostly fair to good. Some producers released cattle to graze on winter small grain fields in areas of the Blacklands and the Edwards Plateau.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:
Ohio: Tillage and fall spraying activities are underway with most grain harvest complete, according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician with the USDA’s NASS. There were 6.3 days available for fieldwork for the week ending Nov. 13. Winter wheat and cover crops are progressing well with the benefit of above normal temperatures and adequate soil moisture.
Michigan: There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending Nov. 13, 2016, according to Marlo Johnson, Director of the Great Lakes Regional office of NASS. The streak of uncharacteristically war m weather continued with welcomed dry conditions this week. Producers took advantage of the weather to make significant progress on corn and soybean harvests. Soil conditions remained wet in some areas, but combines continued through the mud and late into the night to finish fields off. Warm temperatures delayed the sugarbeet harvest at times, but large gains were made by week’s end. Fall tillage activities were also ongoing, with the wet soil being problematic at times.
Some damage to the winter wheat crop had developed from the wet weather earlier this month, but planting was still taking place.