When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the condition of the both the HRW and SRW wheat crop are rated in better condition than last year at the start of the season. The HRW wheat crop is rated roughly 18.5 points ahead of year-ago, while the SRW wheat crop is nearly 13 points ahead of last year's initial rating.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.26%)
N. Carolina (7.72%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending October 23, 2016, above normal temperatures and dry conditions were experienced across the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 6% very short, 21 short, 68 ad equate, a nd 5 s urplus. Subsoil moisture rated 4% very short, 16 short, 75 adequate, and 5 surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 7 poor, 31 fair, 50 good, and 11 excellent. Winter wheat planted was 84%, near 88 last year, and behind the five - year average of 89. Emerged was 63%, near 62 last year and 66 average.
Oklahoma: Oklahoma continued to experience warmer than normal temperatures and little rain. According to the Mesonet, current weather conditions are expected to persist through the beginning of November. Drought conditions were rated 22% moderate to severe drought, up 7 points from the previous week. Temperatures ranged from 31 degrees at Hooker on Oct. 21 to 102 degrees at Buffalo on Oct. 17. Precipitation ranged from none in the Panhandle district to 0.80 of an inch in the South Central district. Soil temperature averages ranged from 58 degrees at Miami on Saturday, Oct. 22 to 81 degrees at Clayton on Oct. 19. Statewide air temperatures averaged in the mid 60s across the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork.
Winter wheat planted reached 83%, down 3 points from normal. Winter wheat emerged reached 64%, up 6 points from the previous year and up 2 points from normal.
Texas: Many areas of the state received little to no precipitation last week. Light scattered showers ranging from 0.1 inch to upwards of 1.0 inch were experienced in areas of the Southern Low Plains, the Cross Timbers, and East Texas. With isolated areas in the Cross Timbers receiving upwards of 2.0 inches.
Seeding of winter wheat and oats continued throughout the state last week. Insect problems continue to affect some wheat producers in areas of the Northern High Plains, the Blacklands, and South Texas. Winter wheat planted was at 67%, 2 points above previous year and 3 points below normal.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:
Ohio: The harvest of corn and soybeans, as well as the planting of wheat and cover crops progressed until rains moved in midweek, according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio state statistician with the USDA’s NASS. There were 4.1 days available for fieldwork for the week ending Oct. 23. Temperatures remained well above average and helped with wheat emergence and the revival of hay fields and pastures.
Michigan: There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending Oct. 23, 2016, according to Marlo Johnson, director of the Great Lakes Regional office of NASS. For much of the state, fieldwork was delayed at the beginning of the week, as fields needed time to dry from the previous week’s rainfall. By midweek, field activities resumed in haste, although ground conditions were not ideal in all areas. Scattered showers continued throughout the week, hindering fieldwork at times. Wheat stands continued to come in well.