When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the condition of the HRW crop improved by 2.74 points from last week while the SRW crop declined 1.73 points.
In HRW wheat country, crop ratings in Kansas and Oklahoma improved, while the Texas crop declined marginally. Meanwhile, in SRW wheat country, ratings in Missouri improved, while the crops in Illinois and Ohio deteriorated slightly.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.78%)
N. Carolina (9.723%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending May 22, 2016, temperatures were six to eight degrees below normal across much of the State, according to the USDA’ s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall amounts of one inch or more were common. There were 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 2% very short, 6 short, 80 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 3% very short, 10 short, 80 adequate, and 7 surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 7 poor, 33 fair, 51 good, and 8 excel lent. Winter wheat headed was 96%, near 92 last year, but ahead of the five-year average of 83. Coloring was 16%, ahead of 11 last year, but near 18 average.
Oklahoma: Just less than 3 percent of the state experienced abnormally dry drought conditions, down 4 points from the previous week and 48 points from the previous year. These conditions mostly affected areas of the Panhandle and West Central Oklahoma. Temperatures ranged from 41 degrees at Beaver on Wednesday, May 18th to 89 degrees at Hooker on Saturday, May 21st. Precipitation ranged from 0.34 of an inch in the East Central district to 2.56 inches in the Southwest district. Soil temperature averages ranged from 54 degrees at Kenton on Tuesday, May 17th to 76 degrees at Hugo on Sunday, May 22, 2016. Statewide temperatures averaged in the low 60’s across the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork.
Texas: Many areas across the state experienced significant rainfall along with cool temperatures. Areas of South Central Texas, the Coastal Bend, and the Upper Coast received from 5 to 15 inches of precipitation, with many other areas receiving between 1 and 4 inches. Meanwhile, areas of the Trans Pecos and Southern High Plains received only trace amounts of precipitation.
Winter wheat and oats continued to progress; however, wet conditions across many areas of the state have delayed harvest. Crop damage due to hail was experienced in areas of Northern Low Plains and Edwards Plateau. Problems with rust were reported in some areas. Some producers in the Northern Plains began harvesting silage and bailing dry land wheat acreage.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:
Illinois: Continued cool temperatures have slowed emergence o f corn and soybeans. Statewide, the average temperature was 58.1 degrees, 7.0 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 0.39 inches, 0.51 inches below normal. There were 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 22. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 3% short, 71% adequate, and 26% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 2% short, 79% adequate, and 19% surplus. Corn planted was at 89%, compared to the 5-year average of 91%.
Winter wheat headed was at 88%, up 8 percentage points from last week. Winter wheat condition was rated 3% very poor, 5% poor, 33% fair, 50% good, and 9% excellent.
Missouri: Rain throughout the state limited fieldwork. There were 2.9 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending May 22. Temperatures averaged 57.1 degrees, 9.1 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 1.44 inches statewide, 0.44 inches above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 2% very short, 6% short, 81% adequate, and 11% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 3% very short, 7% short, 83% adequate, and 7% surplus.
Wheat headed reached 96%, compared to 87% last year and 87% for the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 26% fair, 59% good, and 11% excellent.