When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the condition of the HRW crop improved by 0.77 points from last week to 364.44, while the condition of the SRW crop declined by 0.42 points to 364.24.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.78%)
N. Carolina (9.723%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending June 19, 2016, temperatures were six to eight degrees above normal across most of the state, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall amounts of one inch or more were reported in the west, with lesser amounts in the east. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 4% very short, 23% short, 68% adequate, and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 3% very short, 16% short, 78% adequate, and 3% surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 1% very poor, 7 poor, 30 fair, 50 good, and 12 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 98%, ahead of 89% last year and the five-year average of 91%. Harvested was 25%, ahead of 6% last year, but near 27% average
Oklahoma: Last week, Oklahoma saw temperatures reach over 100 degrees for the first time this year. According to the Mesonet, the real contributor to the heat was the humidity, which pushed the heat index into the 110 - 115 range for most of the state. For the fourth week in a row, no areas of the state were reported in any category of drought according to the U.S. Drought Monitor and zero percent was classified as abnormally dry. Temperatures ranged from 48 degrees at Kenton on Friday, June 17th to 104 degrees at Alva on Friday, June 17th. Precipitation ranged from 0.08 of an inch in the Northeast district to 2.21 inches in the Southwest district. Soil temperature averages ranged from 74 degrees at Boise City on Tuesday, June 14th to 93 degrees at Perkins on Friday, June 17th, 2016. Statewide temperatures averaged in the low 80’s across the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork.
Winter wheat harvested reached 55 percent, up 3 points from the previous year but down 14 points from normal.
Texas: Areas of the Cross Timbers and the Blacklands received upwards of 8 inches of rainfall. The High Plains and South Central experienced from no precipitation in a few areas to upwards of 6 inches in some areas. The Low Plains, the Trans - Pecos, and East Texas received trace amounts to upwards of 2 inches. Hail storms were experienced in Northern and Southern High Plains. Many areas of Central and West Texas experienced hot, windy conditions with little or no precipitation.
Winter wheat harvest was in full swing across most of the state. Harvest was temporarily halted in some locations due to rain and wet fields. In the Northern High Plains, winter wheat harvest was in beginning stages. Harvest and grazing of wheat continued in the Southern Low Plains.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:
Illinois: Despite periods of rain last week, soybean planting neared completion and farmers made good progress on harvesting wheat and green beans. Statewide, the average temperature was 77.4 degrees, 4.5 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.84 inches, 0.17 inches below normal. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 19.
Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 4% very short, 26% short, 66% adequate, and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 2% very short, 18% short, 76% adequate, and 4% surplus.
Winter wheat harvest was 38% complete, a jump of 37 percentage points from last week. Winter wheat condition was rated 3% very poor, 6% poor, 27% fair, 51% good, and 13% excellent.
Missouri: Dry weather throughout the state has allowed planting and haying to progress. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending June 19 . Temperatures averaged 80 .5 degrees, 6.8 degree s above normal. Precipitation averaged 0. 24 inches statewide, 0. 70 inches below normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 11 percent very short, 43 percent short, 43 percent adequate , and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 5 percent very short, 31 percent short, 62 percent adequate , and 2 percent surplus.
Winter wheat condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 4 9 percent good, and 1 5 percent excellent .