When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the HRW wheat crop improved just over 2 points from the week prior to 361.07 points. In contrast, the SRW wheat crop fell roughly 2.5 points from the week prior to 368.23. Both crops are still rated in better condition than year-ago.
Crop ratings in Kansas improved, while Oklahoma and Texas ratings declined. In SRW country, condition ratings in Missouri improved, while Illinois and Ohio ratings declined.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.78%)
N. Carolina (9.723%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending May 15, 2016, temperatures were near normal in the eastern two thirds of the State, but up to four degrees below normal in the western third, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Portions of the northeast received up to four inches of rain, with lesser amounts elsewhere. Some south central counties received no moisture. Producers were spraying for wheat rust and weevils in alfalfa. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 2 percent very short, 7 short, 80 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 3 percent very short, 12 short, 80 adequate, and 5 surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 34 fair, 50 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 89 percent, ahead of 81 last year, and well ahead of 65 average. Coloring was 5 percent, near 4 last year.
Oklahoma: The southeastern parts of Oklahoma experienced heavy rain and thunderstorms over this past week while much of the northwest had very little. According to the Mesonet, the storm on the 11th had hail and 75 mph wind gusts. Moderate drought conditions are at 2 percent, no change from last week and severe drought was 0 percent, no change from last week. Precipitation averaged 0.76 of an inch across the state, ranging from 0.10 of an inch in the Panhandle district to 1.96 inches in the East Central district. Statewide temperatures averaged in the mid 60's, with the lowest recording of 38 degrees at Boise City on Monday, May 9th and the highest recording of 99 degrees at Altus on Tuesday, May 10th. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork.
Texas: Thunderstorms moved across the central half of Texas last week, providing much-needed rainfall to many areas. Five or more inches were reported in the Cross Timbers. Areas of the Coastal Bend, the Lower Valley and South Texas reached upwards of three inches, while the Southern Plains received two or more inches of meaningful precipitation.
Winter wheat continued to progress well in many areas of the Southern High Plains, the Cross Timbers and the Edwards Plateau. Harvest was active in many areas of the Upper Coast.
Illinois: Wet and cool conditions kept producers out of the field for much of the past week. Statewide, the average temperature was 58.8 degrees, 2.9 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 2.09 inches, 1.19 inches above normal. There were 1.1 days suitable for fieldwork during the wee k ending May 15. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 2% short, 67% adequate, and 31% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 2% short, 77% adequate, and 21% surplus.
Winter wheat headed was at 80%, up percentage points from last week. Winter wheat condition was rated 3% very poor, 4% poor, 31% fair, 51% good, and 11% excellent.
Missouri: Wet weather limited fieldwork across much of the state. There were 2.9 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending May 15. Temperatures averaged 62.2 degrees, 0.8 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 1.85 inches statewide, 0.81 inches above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 3% very short, 8% short, 77% adequate, and 12% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 3% very short, 8% short, 82% adequate, and 7% surplus.
Wheat headed reached 90%, compared to 68% last year and 69% for the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 28% fair, 57% good, and 11% excellent.