When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the HRW crop fell 1.81 points to 351.09 points. The SRW wheat crop edged 0.18 points lower to 371.58 points. While the SRW wheat crop is rated slightly above year-ago levels, the HRW wheat crop is now around a point behind last year's rating at this point.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.26%)
N. Carolina (7.72%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending Nov. 20, 2016, warm, dry conditions dominated the weather pattern, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 12% very short, 29 short, 57 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 6% very short, 26 short, 66 adequate, and 2 surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 9 poor, 34 fair, 48 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 94%, near 96 both last year and the five-year average.
Oklahoma: Oklahoma continues to experience mild, dry days and cool nights. According to the Mesonet, extreme drought has been recorded for the first time since October of last year. Drought conditions were rated 59% moderate to severe, up 12 points from the previous week and rated 1% extreme. Statewide air temperatures averaged in the low 50’s across the state. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork.
Winter wheat emerged reached 92%, down 1 point from the previous year and down 1 point from normal. Oats planted reached 67%, up 10 points from normal.
Texas: Dry weather conditions prevailed across much of the state last week. Areas of Southeast Texas, South Central Texas, the Upper Coast, and the Lower Valley recorded between 1 to 3 inches of rainfall. Portions of the Blacklands and Southeast Texas received scattered showers with isolated areas receiving up to 0.5 of an inch. Other areas received little or no precipitation.
Seeding of winter wheat continued throughout the state last week, following row crop harvest, while oats seeding was wrapping up in most areas. Dry weather was negatively impacting recently-emerged small grains and rainfall was needed to sustain crop development. Producers released grazing cattle on small grain fields in areas of the Plains.
Following are details from USDA's NASS crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:
Ohio: Favorable weather conditions allowed some fieldwork for most of the week, according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician with the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 6.1 days available for fieldwork for the week ending Nov. 20. Temperatures remained well above average until late in the week when cold temperatures swept into the state. Drought conditions extended north of the Ohio River, covering most of Adams County and some surrounding areas. Moisture levels of corn harvested during the week is 17%.
Michigan: There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending Nov. 20, 2016, according to Marlo Johnson, Director of the Great Lakes Regional office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Most winter wheat planting and emergence was complete. This past week’s warm temperatures were a welcome surprise for many farmers. Besides harvesting, farmers took advantage of the mild temperatures to fertilize winter wheat, plant cover crops, work on fall tillage, and put machinery away for the winter.