When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the HRW crop improved by 5.71 points from last week and is 42.85 points above year-ago. Condition ratings in the top-producing states of Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas improved from week-ago.
Meanwhile, the CCI for SRW wheat is virtually unchanged from last week, but is 17.86 points better than year-ago. Ratings in Missouri declined slightly from last week, while Illinois ratings improved slightly.
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index
S. Dakota (6.78%)
N. Carolina (9.723%)
* denotes percentage of total national HRW/SRW crop production.
Following are details from USDA's National Ag Statistics Service (NASS) crop and weather reports for key HRW wheat states:
Kansas: For the week ending April 24, 2016, temperatures were two degrees below normal in the western half of the State, but two to four degrees above normal in the east, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The state received up to three inches of rain in the northwest, with lesser amounts elsewhere. There were 2.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture rated 5% very short, 13 short, 74 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 6% very short, 21 short, 71 adequate, and 2 surplus.
Winter wheat condition rated 2% very poor, 9 poor, 36 fair, 48 good, and 5 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 93%, well ahead of 73 last year the five-year average of 66. Headed was 23%, ahead of 14 last year and 15 average.
Oklahoma: The rain continued to improve drought conditions throughout the state. However, West Central and North Central districts still didn’t get their fair share. According to the Mesonet, Oklahoma’s main drought impacts, such as fire danger, stress on pastures and crops are largely eliminated to do the moisture received. Moderate drought conditions decreased to 10%, down 22 points from last week and severe drought was 2%, down 3 points. Precipitation averaged 1.14 inches across the state, ranging from 0.51 of an inch in the West Central district to 1.74 inches in the Southeast district. Statewide temperatures averaged in the low 60s, with the lowest recording of 32 degrees at Boise City on Monday, April 18th and the highest recording of 87 degrees at Beaver on Saturday, April 23. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly ad equate to short. There were 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork.
Winter wheat headed reached 57%, down 6 points from the previous year and up 5 points from normal.
Texas: Rainfall continued to concentrate mostly in the southeastern parts of the state, as some areas in the Upper Coast and East Texas received between 3 to 6 inches of rain last week. Portions of the High Plains, the Cross Timbers, the Blacklands, and Central Texas recorded closer to 2 inches of precipitation, while the rest of the state saw little to no moisture. South Central Texas observed 10 to 15 inches of rain and experienced widespread flooding. Areas of the Southern Low Plains experienced hail along with high winds and significant crop damage.
In the Southern High Plains, winter wheat progressed well wand was heading out. Wheat continued heading in areas of the Blacklands. Hail damaged winter wheat crops in areas of the Southern Low Plains and the Cross Timbers.
Following are details from NASS's crop and weather reports for key SRW wheat states:
Illinois: Producers were able to make significant progress planting corn over the past week. Statewide, the average temperature was 60.8 degrees, 5.4 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.78 inches, 0.17 inches below normal. There were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 24. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 8% short, 75% adequate, and 17% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 6% short, 81% adequate, and 13% surplus. Corn planted jumped to 42%, up 30 percentage points from last week.
Winter wheat headed reached 2%, behind the 5-year average of 13% . Winter wheat condition was rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 27% fair, 52% good, and 16% excellent.
Missouri: Farmers made good progress planting crops last week. Temperatures averaged 62.2 degrees, 4.2 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.72 inches statewide, 0.34 inches below normal. There were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending April 24. Topsoil moisture supply was rated 6% very short, 19% short, 68% adequate , and 7% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 6% very short, 18% short, 74% adequate, and 2% surplus.
Winter wheat condition was rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 29% fair, 55% good, and 11% excellent.