Corn Condition Index Dips; Soybeans Virtually Unchanged

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:21 AM

When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the corn crop slipped by 1.64 points from last week to 387.72, which is still 11.55 points above year-ago. The soybean index dropped just 0.28 points to 373.8, which is 18.9 points higher than year-ago.

Corn condition ratings improved in Iowa, were unchanged in Illinois and dipped in Indiana. Soybean condition ratings improved in Illinois, held steady in Iowa and slipped in Indiana.

 
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

This week

Last week

Year-ago

 

Soybeans

This week

Last week

Year-ago

Colorado *(0.99%)

3.90
3.89
4.06

Arkansas *(4.05%)

14.47
14.23
15.14

Illinois (15.52%)

62.85
62.85
51.60

Illinois (13.96%)

54.86
54.44
45.28

Indiana (7.06%)

26.88
27.59
22.73

Indiana (7.53%)

28.91
29.21
24.84

Iowa (16.84%)

68.03
67.70
66.64

Iowa
(13.13%)

52.66
52.66
51.26

Kansas (3.96%)

14.66
14.62
13.26

Kansas (3.75%)

13.49
13.23
12.09

Kentucky (1.67%)

6.42
6.39
6.01

Kentucky (2.27%)

8.63
8.52
8.28

Michigan (2.49%)

8.59
8.84
9.74

Louisiana (1.70%)

6.50
6.52
6.22

Minnesota 9.37%)

37.84
37.84
41.24

Michigan (2.42%)

8.46
8.53
9.28

Missouri (3.60%)

13.95
13.95
11.42

Minnesota (8.54%)

33.71
33.63
34.59

Nebraska (11.79%)

45.62
45.85
44.73

Mississippi (2.42%)

9.14
9.28
9.74

N. Carolina (0.74%)

2.69
2.69
2.67

Missouri (5.74%)

21.63
21.57
18.31

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.71
9.69
11.23

Nebraska (7.57%)

29.29
29.13
27.67

Ohio (4.22%)

13.93
14.57
14.48

N. Carolina (1.74%)

5.87
5.88
5.94

Pennsylvania (1.09%)

3.93
3.95
4.72

N. Dakota (4.72%)

17.76
17.71
19.12

S. Dakota (5.74%)

19.91
20.32
21.20

Ohio
(6.29%)

21.45
22.21
21.40

Tennessee (0.92%)

3.48
3.44
3.69

S. Dakota (5.80%)

20.43
20.84
20.88

Texas (1.98%)

7.00
6.98
6.97

Tennessee (2.01%)

1.00
1.00
1.00

Wisconsin (3.40%)

14.56
14.35
13.58

Wisconsin (2.07%)

8.78
8.72
8.12

Corn total

387.72
389.36
376.17

Soybean total

373.80
374.08
354.90


* denotes percentage of total national corn crop production.

Iowa: Frequent but scattered precipitation throughout the week allowed Iowa farmers 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 7, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included cutting hay and fungicide and insecticide applications. Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 11 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 10 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. South central and southeast Iowa reported the lowest levels of subsoil moisture with over one-quarter short to very short.

Ninety-eight percent of the corn crop reached the silking stage, 11 days ahead of normal. Sixty-one percent reached the dough stage, 5 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of the 5-year average. Seven percent of Iowa’s corn crop reached the dent stage. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 94 percent, 6 days ahead of the previous year. Seventy-nine percent of soybeans were setting pods, one week ahead of normal. Soybean condition rated 82 percent good to excellent. Ninety percent of the oat crop for grain or seed has been harvested.

 

Illinois: Crops continue to benefit from favorable weather. Statewide, the average temperature was 76.4 degrees, 2.7 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.86 inches, 0.04 inches below normal. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 7. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 88 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus.

Corn dough was at 60 percent, compared to 61 percent for the 5-year average. Corn dented reached 6 percent, compared to 14 percent last year. Corn condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 14 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 26 percent excellent. Soybeans blooming was at 91 percent, compared to 87 percent last year. Soybeans setting pods was at 68 percent. Soybean condition was rated 2 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 21 percent excellent.

 

Indiana: Hot temperatures combined with little to no rainfall has left corn and soybeans stressed for moisture, according to Greg Matli, Indiana State Statistician for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Most of the State went without precipitation or relief from the above average temperatures. Irrigation systems were running at full force where available to keep crops at adequate moisture; however, those without irrigation are seeing increased stress. The statewide average temperature was 76.6 degrees, 3.7 degrees above normal. Statewide average precipitation was below normal at 0.35 inches, although there were several counties that received no rainfall during the week. There were 6.2 days available for fieldwork for the week ending August 7, up 1 day from the previous week.

Corn dough was 44% complete in the North, 53% in Central, and 51% in the South. Corn dented was 9% complete in the North, 11% in Central, and 13% in the South. Non-irrigated corn has continued to exhibit stalk firing and more leaves have curled from the lack of moisture. In some areas, the lower leaves have dropped from the plant. Stands growing in sandy soils have been more affected by the dry weather. Corn rated in good to excellent condition was 73% in the North, 79% in Central, and 66% in the South.

Soybeans blooming were 94% complete in the North, 91% in Central, and 82% in the South. By region, soybeans setting pods were 67% complete in the North, 71% in Central, and 53% in the South. Soybeans rated in good to excellent condition were 74% in the North, 78% in Central, and 65% in the South. Some soybeans have aborted blossoms from moisture stress in drier areas. Growers expressed concerns about the crop given that this is the critical stage for proper bean development and plants have not received adequate moisture. Insect and disease pressures, however, have been relatively low due to dry and hot weather.

Minnesota: Minnesota farmers made substantial progress on small grain harvest during the week ending August 7, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included cutting and baling hay, harvesting small grains, and scouting and spraying for aphids. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus.

Fifty-four percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was in or beyond the dough stage, 9 days ahead of the five-year average and 3 days ahead of last year. Corn condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Seventy-nine percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, 6 days ahead of average, but 4 days behind last year. Soybean condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. Forty-two percent of the spring wheat acreage had been harvested, 8 days ahead of the five-year average.


 

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