Corn Condition Index Declines Slightly, Soybeans Improve Marginally

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:21 AM

When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the corn crop dipped 0.64 points from last week to 387.08, which is 11.09 points higher than year-ago. The soybean crop improved 0.36 points from last week to 374.16, which is 19.2 points higher than year-ago.

Corn and soybean ratings improved in Illinois and Iowa and declined in Indiana.

 
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

This week

Last week

Year-ago

 

Soybeans

This week

Last week

Year-ago

Colorado *(0.99%)

3.91
3.90
4.06

Arkansas *(4.05%)

14.39
14.47
15.18

Illinois (15.52%)

63.01
62.85
51.45

Illinois (13.96%)

55.28
54.86
45.41

Indiana (7.06%)

26.67
26.88
22.87

Indiana (7.53%)

28.53
28.91
25.08

Iowa (16.84%)

68.20
68.03
66.15

Iowa
(13.13%)

52.79
52.66
50.74

Kansas (3.96%)

14.70
14.66
13.26

Kansas (3.75%)

13.60
13.49
12.27

Kentucky (1.67%)

6.45
6.42
6.00

Kentucky (2.27%)

8.77
8.63
8.36

Michigan (2.49%)

8.44
8.59
9.76

Louisiana (1.70%)

6.30
6.50
6.29

Minnesota 9.37%)

38.12
37.84
41.24

Michigan (2.42%)

8.29
8.46
9.39

Missouri (3.60%)

14.06
13.95
11.36

Minnesota (8.54%)

33.71
33.71
34.25

Nebraska (11.79%)

45.50
45.62
45.43

Mississippi (2.42%)

9.23
9.14
9.69

N. Carolina (0.74%)

2.74
2.69
2.61

Missouri (5.74%)

21.97
21.63
18.31

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.71
9.71
11.17

Nebraska (7.57%)

29.36
29.29
27.75

Ohio (4.22%)

13.55
13.93
14.48

N. Carolina (1.74%)

5.85
5.87
5.82

Pennsylvania (1.09%)

3.79
3.93
4.66

N. Dakota (4.72%)

17.85
17.76
18.58

S. Dakota (5.74%)

19.51
19.91
21.26

Ohio
(6.29%)

21.39
21.45
21.40

Tennessee (0.92%)

3.48
3.48
3.69

S. Dakota (5.80%)

20.32
20.43
20.82

Texas (1.98%)

6.92
7.00
6.95

Tennessee (2.01%)

1.00
1.00
1.00

Wisconsin (3.40%)

14.59
14.56
13.41

Wisconsin (2.07%)

8.74
8.78
7.94

Corn total

387.08
387.72
375.99

Soybean total

374.16
373.80
354.96


* denotes percentage of total national corn crop production.

Iowa: Above normal precipitation across much of Iowa limited fieldwork to 4.3 days suitable for the week ending August 14, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included cutting hay and fungicide and insecticide applications. Spraying activities were wrapping up in some areas. Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus.

Eighty percent of the corn crop was in or beyond the dough stage, 5 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the 5-year average. Twenty-three percent of Iowa’s corn crop reached the dent stage, 3 days ahead of normal. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 97 percent, 8 days ahead of the previous year.

Eighty-seven percent of soybeans were setting pods, with a few scattered reports of soybeans starting to turn color. Soybean condition rated 83 percent good to excellent, although there were scattered reports of Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS) across the State. Ninety-five percent of the oat crop for grain or seed has been harvested, equal to last year’s pace.

 

Illinois: Most of the state received substantial rainfall with some areas experiencing localized flooding. At this point, no major crop damage has been reported, but producers are concerned about how the tall corn stalks will hold up and lodging in soybeans. Statewide, the average temperature was 77.4 degrees, 3.7 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.63 inches, 0.79 inches above normal. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 14. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus.

Corn dough was at 79 percent, compared to 77 percent for the 5-year average. Corn dented jumped to 25 percent, compared to 32 percent last year. Corn condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 13 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 26 percent excellent.

Soybeans blooming was at 95 percent, compared to 93 percent last year. Soybeans setting pods was at 81 percent. Soybean condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 21 percent excellent.

 

Indiana: Hot and dry conditions through most of the week stressed crops, particularly in northeastern Indiana, according to Greg Matli, Indiana State Statistician for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. High temperatures and a lack of rain warranted continued use of irrigation systems. Some areas received rain on Friday but relief was limited. The U.S. Drought Monitor reported moderate drought in large portions of Allen, Elkhart, Lagrange, Noble and Kosciusko Counties. Most of central and southern Indiana received more rainfall, and crop conditions continued to fare better there. Statewide average temperature was 78.4 degrees, above normal by 5.5 degrees. Statewide precipitation was 1.43 inches, above normal by 0.61 inches. There were 5.5 days available for fieldwork for the week ending August 14, down 0.7 days from the previous week.

Corn dough was 70% in the North, 74% in Central, and 71% in the South. Corn dented was 24% in the North, 24% in Central, and 22% in the South. Leaf rolling and stalk firing was observed in some areas. Corn rated in good to excellent condition was 68% in the North, 77% in Central, and 66% in the South.

By region, soybeans blooming were 97% complete in the North, 94% in Central, and 90% in the South. Soybeans setting pods were 81% complete in the North, 81% in Central, and 67% in the South. Soybeans rated in good to excellent condition were 69% in the North, 76% in Central, and 64% in the South. Spider mites were problematic in coarse soils that were most affected by weather conditions. SDS and white mold were reported in some areas.

Minnesota: Minnesota farmers were limited to 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork as a large area of heavy rain moved across Minnesota during the week ending August 14, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The resulting wet conditions led to flooding and ponding in some areas, raising concerns about crop stress and losses. Field activities for the week included cutting and baling hay, harvesting small grains, and applying insecticides as needed. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 26 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus.

Seventy-eight percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was in or beyond the dough stage, 12 days ahead of the five-year average and 5 days ahead of last year. Twelve percent of the corn acreage was in or beyond the dent stage. Corn condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Eighty-nine percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, a week ahead of average, but 6 days behind last year. Soybean condition rated 79 percent good to excellent.


 

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