Corn and Soybean Condition Ratings Improve as Harvest Progresses

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:20 AM

When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows very little movement in the corn crop, but a 1.71-point increase in the soybean crop from last week.

Corn harvest didn't progress quiet as aggressively as traders expected, with USDA reporting harvest was 35% complete as of Sunday, which compares to 24% last week and 38% on average. Traders expected harvest to have caught up with the average pace. Traders expected soybean harvest to be 48% complete as of Sunday, but at 44% complete, harvest lags the five-year average pace by one point. Harvest advanced by 18 percentage points from the previous week.

 
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

This week

Last week

Year-ago

 

Soybeans

This week

Last week

Year-ago

Colorado *(0.99%)

3.78
3.80
4.03

Arkansas *(4.05%)

13.62
14.07
14.80

Illinois (15.52%)

62.85
62.54
51.60

Illinois (13.96%)

55.97
55.42
47.99

Indiana (7.06%)

26.60
26.53
22.87

Indiana (7.53%)

29.58
29.21
26.08

Iowa (16.84%)

67.53
67.53
66.15

Iowa
(13.13%)

52.66
52.53
51.26

Kansas (3.96%)

14.46
14.46
13.19

Kansas (3.75%)

14.27
14.27
12.30

Kentucky (1.67%)

6.34
6.34
6.07

Kentucky (2.27%)

8.63
8.75
8.30

Michigan (2.49%)

8.96
8.94
9.87

Louisiana (1.70%)

5.69
5.69
5.82

Minnesota 9.37%)

38.31
38.22
42.03

Michigan (2.42%)

9.14
9.04
9.44

Missouri (3.60%)

13.95
13.95
11.39

Minnesota (8.54%)

34.65
34.40
34.77

Nebraska (11.79%)

44.91
45.03
44.85

Mississippi (2.42%)

9.33
9.33
9.39

N. Carolina (0.74%)

2.73
2.73
2.59

Missouri (5.74%)

22.20
22.20
19.15

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.76
9.71
10.88

Nebraska (7.57%)

29.66
29.59
28.04

Ohio (4.22%)

13.51
13.51
14.79

N. Carolina (1.74%)

5.51
5.59
5.37

Pennsylvania (1.09%)

3.57
3.58
4.49

N. Dakota (4.72%)

18.28
18.18
17.65

S. Dakota (5.74%)

19.68
19.63
21.75

Ohio
(6.29%)

22.39
22.14
22.00

Tennessee (0.92%)

3.40
3.40
3.74

S. Dakota (5.80%)

21.19
20.78
21.36

Texas (1.98%)

6.98
6.98
6.99

Tennessee (2.01%)

1.00
1.00
1.00

Wisconsin (3.40%)

14.35
14.46
13.58

Wisconsin (2.07%)

8.64
8.62
8.17

Corn total

385.28
384.91
377.10

Soybean total

379.44
377.73
359.77


* denotes percentage of total national corn crop production.

Iowa: Rainfall events throughout the week slowed down harvest allowing Iowa farmers just 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending October 9, 2016, according the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Although hampered by soft and muddy fields, activities for the week included soybean and corn for grain harvest and hauling manure.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1% very short, 3% short, 80% adequate and 16% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1% very short, 3% short, 78% adequate and 18% surplus. Ninety-four percent of the corn crop was mature or beyond, equal to last year’s pace, but 3 days ahead of the five-year average.

Nineteen percent of the corn crop for grain has been harvested, 3 days behind last year and one week behind average. Moisture content of field corn being harvested was at 20%. Corn condition rated 81% good to excellent.

Ninety-two percent of soybeans were dropping leaves or beyond, 2 days ahead of average. Despite scattered showers, over one-fifth of the state’s soybean crop was harvested in the past week, reaching 43% harvested, 3 days behind last year’s pace. Soybean condition rated 81% good to excellent.

Illinois: Good weather has had operators making good progress on harvesting corn and soybeans as well as working on fall tillage. Statewide, the average temperature was 63.8 degrees, 6.6 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.54 inches, 0.25 inches below normal. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending Oct. 9.

Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% very short, 4% short, 85% adequate, and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% very short, 5% short, 87% adequate, and 7% surplus.

Corn harvest was 62% complete, compared to 65% last year. Corn condition was rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 13% fair, 56% good, and 27% excellent.

Soybeans coloring increased to 98%, compared to 97% last year. Soybeans dropping leaves increased to 90%, compared to 90% for the 5-year average. Soybean harvest was 39% complete, compared to 65% last year. Soybean condition was rated 1% very poor, 3% poor, 14% fair, 58% good, and 24% excellent.

Indiana: Dry fall weather aided farmers in corn and soybean harvest, according to Greg Matli, Indiana State Statistician for the USDA’s NASS. The statewide average temperature was 64.4 degrees, 7.8 degrees above normal. Many fields remained too damp to harvest at the beginning of the week; however, the dry and breezy weather kept farmers out in the fields as conditions continued to improve. Statewide precipitation was near zero at 0.08 inches, below average by 0.77 inches. There were 6.0 days available for fieldwork for the week ending October 9, up 2.1 days from the previous week.

Corn matured was 87% complete in the North, 94% in Central and 94% in the South. Corn harvested for grain was 29% complete in the North, 35% in Central, and 63% in the South. Corn harvest has nearly caught up to last year and is now ahead of the five-year average. While the dry week was beneficial for harvest progress, it had little impact on the disease and mold presence that remains in the fields. Stalk strength continues to be a concern during harvest, but the overall condition of the crop remains stable. Corn rated in good to excellent condition was 73% in the North, 75% in Central, and 60% in the South.

Soybeans dropping leaves were 95% complete in the North, 92% in Central, and 83% in the South. Soybeans were 35% harvested in the North, 37% in Central, and 22% in the South. Soybean harvest is well underway at this point, with the moderate fall weather helping to dry down the fields. With the exception of the tornado-swept areas, most of the soybeans are in good condition and are being harvested quickly while the weather remains favorable. Soybeans rated in good to excellent condition was 80% in the North, 82% in Central, and 66% in the South.

Minnesota: Periodic rain showers kept fields wet and continued to make harvest a challenge for Minnesota farmers during the week ending Oct. 9, 2016, according to USDA’s NASS. There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Though field conditions were wet and muddy in many areas, nearly a quarter of the soybean crop was harvested during the week. Several areas across the state reported the first frost of the year.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0% very short, 1% short, 66% adequate, and 33% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0% very short, 2% short, 70% adequate, and 28% surplus.

Ninety-five percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was mature, 8 days ahead of the five-year average. Corn for grain harvest was 14% complete, 9 days behind average and 4 days behind last year. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest was 21%. Corn condition rated 85% good to excellent. Corn for silage harvest was nearing completion.

Soybean harvest was 64% complete, 2 days behind average and 6 days behind last year. Soybean condition rated 8 3% good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from last week.


 

"

Add new comment