Corn and Soybean Condition Ratings Above Year-Ago

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:22 AM

When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the first soybean condition rating of the season 3.23 points higher than year-ago at 372.06 points. Meanwhile, the condition of the corn crop improved by 5.92 points from last week to 386.27. The condition of the corn crop in the three big "I" states of Illinois, Indiana and Iowa improved.

 
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

This week

Last week

Year-ago

 

Soybeans

This week

 

Year-ago

Colorado *(0.99%)

3.87
3.87
3.84

Arkansas *(4.05%)

14.31
14.63

Illinois (15.52%)

60.21
58.66
58.25

Illinois (13.96%)

52.34
51.92

Indiana (7.06%)

26.60
26.04
27.00

Indiana (7.53%)

28.68
29.47

Iowa (16.84%)

66.18
65.00
65.33

Iowa
(13.13%)

51.09
50.74

Kansas (3.96%)

14.70
14.50
12.52

Kansas (3.75%)

13.67
11.50

Kentucky (1.67%)

6.22
6.17
5.75

Kentucky (2.27%)

8.52
8.51

Michigan (2.49%)

9.49
9.51
10.29

Louisiana (1.70%)

6.42
6.18

Minnesota 9.37%)

36.81
35.78
37.67

Michigan (2.42%)

9.09
9.77

Missouri (3.60%)

13.59
13.66
11.56

Minnesota (8.54%)

32.86
32.28

Nebraska (11.79%)

45.62
44.79
42.53

Mississippi (2.42%)

8.97
9.51

N. Carolina (0.74%)

2.88
2.91
3.18

Missouri (5.74%)

20.71
19.27

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.84
9.84
10.91

Nebraska (7.57%)

29.13
26.88

Ohio (4.22%)

15.92
15.62
17.90

N. Carolina (1.74%)

5.87
6.62

Pennsylvania (1.09%)

4.03
4.00
4.61

N. Dakota (4.72%)

18.28
18.92

S. Dakota (5.74%)

21.52
21.81
20.43

Ohio
(6.29%)

23.84
25.49

Tennessee (0.92%)

3.66
3.59
3.48

S. Dakota (5.80%)

22.35
20.55

Texas (1.98%)

7.51
7.51
7.38

Tennessee (2.01%)

1.00
1.00

Wisconsin (3.40%)

13.95
13.78
13.68

Wisconsin (2.07%)

8.25
8.425

Corn total

386.27
380.35
382.95

Soybean total

372.06

368.83


* denotes percentage of total national corn crop production.

Iowa: Fieldwork conditions improved across much of Iowa with only spotty rains during the week ending June 5, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Producers in the northern third of the state were still struggling with some wet spots in fields. Activities for the week included spraying, and side-dressing nitrogen. Topsoil moisture levels rated to 0% very short, 4% short, 86% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0% very short, 3% short, 85% adequate and 12% surplus.

Ninety-seven percent of the corn crop has emerged, 9 days ahead of normal. Eighty percent of the corn crop was rated good to excellent. Soybean planting reached 94% complete, 11 days ahead of both last year and the five-year average.

Soybean emergence reached 78%, six days ahead of last year. The first soybean condition rating of the season came in at 0% very poor, 2% poor, 18% fair, 69% good, and 11% excellent.

 

Illinois: Rain continues to cause producers problems in southern Illinois, while in other parts of the state planting of corn and soybeans is beginning to wrap up. Statewide, the average temperature was 71.9 degrees, 3.9 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.98 inches, 0.06 inches above normal. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 5. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% very short, 9% short, 72% adequate, and 18% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 8% short, 79% adequate, and 13% surplus.

Corn planted was at 97%, compared to the 5-year average of 98%. Corn emerged was at 92%, compared t o 95% last year and the 5-year average of 93%. Corn condition was rated 1% very poor, 4% poor, 19% fair, 58% good, and 18% excellent.

Soybeans planted was at 81%, compared to 86% last year. Soybeans emerged was at 66%, up 21 percentage points from last week. Soybean condition was rated 3% very poor, 3% poor, 21% fair, 62% good, and 11% excellent.

 

Indiana: Another mostly dry week allowed farmers to wrap up corn planting and make significant progress on soybean plantings, according to Greg Matli, Indiana State Statistician for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures remained above average with spotty precipitation. Some farmers use d irrigation systems to help with emergence and keep crops healthy. Much of the rain came over the weekend which brought some relief to dry areas, although more is needed. Statewide average temperature was 71.7 degrees, above normal by 4.5 degrees. Statewide precipitation was 1.00 inches, below normal by 0.06 inches. There were 5.3 days available for fieldwork for the week ending June 5, down 0.4 days from the previous week.

Corn emerged was 88% in the North, 86% in Central, and 55% in the South. Corn planting and replanting are nearly complete. The corn crop is emerging rapidly and remains 72% in good to excellent condition. Some fields experienced stand reductions from slug and insect damage. Farmers continued side dressing and spraying herbicides.

By region, soybeans planted was 92% complete in the North, 90% in Central, and 51% in the South. Soybeans emerged was 67% complete in the North, 66% in Central, and 21% in the South. Plantings have caught up with the five year average, and emergence is not far behind. Some are concerned that the drying soil will lead to reduced germination with the recently planted soybeans. The already emerged plants are 73% in good to excellent condition.

Minnesota: Occasional rain showers limited Minnesota farmers to 3.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 5, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The northwestern part of the state continued to receive large amounts of precipitation with very wet conditions which have delayed spraying and other field activities. Between showers, field activities for the week included spraying, making hay, tiling, and finishing up planting. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 6% short, 78% adequate, and 15% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies we re rated 1% very short, 7% short, 80% adequate, and 12% surplus.

With most of Minnesota’s corn crop e merged, corn condition rated 77% good to excellent, up 6 percentage points from the previous week. Eighty-five percent of the soybean crop had emerged, about equal to last year and 12 days ahead of the five-year average. The first soybean condition rating of the year was estimated at 0% very poor, 2% poor, 24% fair, 61% good, and 13% excellent.


 

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