Corn and Soybean Condition Declines

Posted on 03/09/2017 10:22 AM

When USDA's weekly crop condition ratings are plugged into Pro Farmer's weighted (by production) Crop Condition Index (CCI; 0 to 500 point scale, with 500 representing perfect), it shows the condition of the corn crop declined by 1.72 points to 384.36 and soybeans dropped by 2.35 points to 370.27.

Corn conditions in Illinois declined slightly, while improving slightly in Indiana and unchanged in Iowa. Meanwhile, soybean conditions in Iowa and Illinois declined from last week and improved marginally in Indiana.

 
Pro Farmer Crop Condition Index

Corn

This week

Last week

Year-ago

 

Soybeans

This week

Last week

Year-ago

Colorado *(0.99%)

3.93
3.91
4.11

Arkansas *(4.05%)

14.23
14.31
15.14

Illinois (15.52%)

58.82
59.75
53.38

Illinois (13.96%)

52.48
53.46
46.09

Indiana (7.06%)

26.74
26.67
23.01

Indiana (7.53%)

28.76
28.60
25.69

Iowa (16.84%)

66.01
66.01
65.98

Iowa
(13.13%)

50.56
51.35
50.74

Kansas (3.96%)

14.35
14.70
13.04

Kansas (3.75%)

13.23
13.64
11.96

Kentucky (1.67%)

6.29
6.35
5.83

Kentucky (2.27%)

8.77
8.70
8.51

Michigan (2.49%)

9.11
9.14
9.61

Louisiana (1.70%)

6.48
6.43
6.27

Minnesota 9.37%)

37.28
37.00
39.06

Michigan (2.42%)

8.70
8.92
8.98

Missouri (3.60%)

13.05
13.27
11.22

Minnesota (8.54%)

33.12
33.12
33.05

Nebraska (11.79%)

45.85
45.85
43.57

Mississippi (2.42%)

9.11
9.11
10.02

N. Carolina (0.74%)

2.75
2.82
2.85

Missouri (5.74%)

20.13
20.19
18.85

N. Dakota (2.49%)

9.67
9.86
10.94

Nebraska (7.57%)

29.36
29.29
26.80

Ohio (4.22%)

15.88
15.75
14.57

N. Carolina (1.74%)

5.76
5.79
6.29

Pennsylvania (1.09%)

4.20
4.24
4.78

N. Dakota (4.72%)

17.99
18.04
18.63

S. Dakota (5.74%)

21.69
21.81
20.71

Ohio
(6.29%)

23.53
23.27
21.80

Tennessee (0.92%)

3.52
3.64
3.55

S. Dakota (5.80%)

22.00
22.23
20.50

Texas (1.98%)

7.59
7.61
7.17

Tennessee (2.01%)

1.00
1.00
1.00

Wisconsin (3.40%)

14.08
14.05
13.78

Wisconsin (2.07%)

8.45
8.45
8.19

Corn total

384.36
386.08
373.14

Soybean total

370.27

372.62

355.20


* denotes percentage of total national corn crop production.

Iowa: Iowa experienced highly variable weather conditions ranging from almost no precipitation to heavy rain and isolated hail during the week ending June 26, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included cutting hay, herbicide and fungicide applications, and some hauling of grain. Heat and lack of moisture stressed some crops, causing corn leaves to curl.

Topsoil moisture levels declined to 8% very short, 21% short, 67% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels also fell to 3% very short, 17% short, 76% adequate and 4% surplus. South-central and southeast Iowa reported the lowest topsoil moisture levels with approximately two-thirds of topsoil moisture rated very short or short. There were scattered reports of corn reaching the silking stage this week.

Seventy-nine percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Soybeans blooming reached 5%, equal to both last year and the five-year average. Soybean condition rated 77% good to excellent.

 

Illinois: Hot weather continued last week with scattered rain providing much needed moisture in parts of the state. Wheat harvesting has picked up over the past week. Statewide, the average temperature was 78.4 degrees, 4.6 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.01 inches, 0.10 inches above normal. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending June 26.

Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 7% very short, 21% short, 67% adequate, and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 4% very short, 19% short, 73% adequate, and 4% surplus.

Corn silking reached 4%, compared to 6% for the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 22% fair, 54% good, and 17% excellent.

Soybeans emerged was at 94%, up 6 percentage points from last week. Soybeans blooming reached 7%. Soybean condition was rated 2% very poor, 5% poor, 22% fair, 57% good, and 14% excellent.

 

Indiana: Storms last week provided much needed moisture for stressed fields, according to Greg Matli, Indiana State Statistician for the USDA’s NASS. Precipitation amounts varied widely and dry pockets persisted. Although last week’s storms were a relief for some counties they were also a hazard. The storms were accompanied by strong winds that caused damage to crops in some areas. Statewide average temperature was 76.6 degrees, 4.0 degrees above normal. Statewide precipitation was 1.50 inches, 0.61 inches above normal. There were 4.8 days available for fieldwork for the week ending June 26, down 0.5 days from the previous week.

Corn emerged was 99% in the North, 97% in Central, and 92% in the South. Corn silking was 1% in the North, 9% in Central, and 4% in the South. Rain provided relief for corn that was experiencing leaf rolling. However, in some areas, strong winds knocked down trees, power lines and grain bins. The corn crop is still reported as 72% in good to excellent condition. Farmers continue to spray and side dress corn.

Soybeans emerged was 98% complete in the North, 97% in Central, and 86% in the South. Farmers continue spraying soybeans. Marestail, dock and other weeds were very evident in soybean fields. Some fields experienced ponding due to localized heavy rains. Soybeans are 74% in good to excellent condition.

Minnesota: Nearly one-quarter of the second cutting of alfalfa hay was harvested during the week ending June 26, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Continued wet field conditions in the northern parts of the state have delayed some field activities such as cutting hay and spraying. Other areas report that between the heat and wind, soils are drying out, resulting in curling corn leaves. Statewide, the crop condition rating for corn was estimated at 8 1% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 11% short, 74% adequate, and 14% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies we re rated 2% very short, 10% short, 74% adequate, and 14% surplus.

Minnesota’s corn condition rating increased 2 percentage points from the previous week, with 81% of the crop rated in good to excellent condition. Soybean condition rated 75% good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from the previous week.


 

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