Illinois Wheat Declines in December, Oklahoma and Kansas Improve

January 5, 2016 08:48 AM

According to state crop reports, crop rated "good" to "excellent" in Illinois declined by 67% at the end of November to 58% at the end of December. Meanwhile, the Kansas winter wheat crop improved from 48% at the end of November to 54% at the end of December. The Oklahoma winter wheat crop saw even sharper improvement, with top rated crop climbing from 51% at the end of November to 77% at the end of December.

Crop condition
Very Poor
Poor
Fair
Good
Excellent
Kansas -
01/04/16
1
7
38
46
8
11/30/15
2
8
42
42
6
 
Okla. -
01/04/16
0
1
22
65
12
11/30/15
3
10
36
38
13
 
Illinois -
01/04/16
3
12
27
48
10
11/30/15
1
5
27
55
12


Here are some of the key observations in the state monthly summaries:

Kansas: For the month of December 2015, temperatures averaged six to eight degrees above normal across the eastern half of the State and near normal in the west, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. All of Kansas received some precipitation, with heaviest amounts in the east. Livestock were mostly grazing on crop residue, with some supplemental feeding reported. Topsoil moisture rated 5 percent very short, 14 short, 71 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture rated 6 percent very short, 19 short, 71 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 38 fair, 46 good and 8 excellent.

Oklahoma: Oklahoma experienced some of the worst weather of the year in December. The heaviest rain was in the East Central and Southeast districts. According to the Mesonet, flooding was the main concern across eastern Oklahoma and freezing rain left more than 200,000 without power. Numerous tornado warnings were issued in the central and eastern areas and large hail was also reported. Record rainfall in December has left the state drought free, compared with last year when 62 percent of the state was in the moderate drought category or worse. Precipitation averaged 6.05 inches across the state, ranging from 1.60 of an inch in the Panhandle district to 13.16 inches in the Southeast district. Statewide temperatures averaged in the mid 40 ’s, with the lowest recording of 0 degrees at Kenton on Thursday, December 17th and the highest recording of 80 degrees at Waurika on Friday, December 11th. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short.

Illinois: Illinois was inundated with excessive rain towards the end of December and flooding was reported throughout the state. Statewide, precipitation averaged 6.7 inches for the month of December, 4.01 inches above normal. The average temperature was 40.6 degrees, 10.8 degrees above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 43 percent adequate, and 57 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 1 percent short, 59 percent adequate, and 40 percent surplus. Winter wheat condition was rated 3 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 10 percent excellent.